American Bureau of Shipping (ABS)Hyperlink: Eagle.org
ABS is a leading international classification organization devoted to promoting the security of life and property and preserving the natural environment through the development and verification of standards for the design, construction and operational maintenance of marine and offshore assets.
The ABS Guide for Vessels Operating in Low Temperature Environments (LTE Guide) contains guidance on maintaining the ships operational fluids that operate closing devices such as doors and hatches and ensuring that the covers and doors are not adversely affected by ice accretion.
Full Polar Code text
As adopted from IMO - Full Polar Code text
The goal of this chapter is to provide measures to maintain watertight and weathertight integrity.
5.2 Functional requirements
In order to achieve the goal set out in paragraph 5.1 above, all closing appliances and doors relevant to watertight and weathertight integrity of the ship shall be operable.
In order to comply with the functional requirements of paragraph 5.2 above, the following apply:
- .1 for ships operating in areas and during periods where ice accretion is likely to occur, means shall be provided to remove or prevent ice and snow accretion around hatches and doors; and
- .2 in addition, for ships intended to operate in low air temperature the following apply:
- .1 if the hatches or doors are hydraulically operated, means shall be provided to prevent freezing or excessive viscosity of liquids; and
- .2 watertight and weathertight doors, hatches and closing devices which are not within an habitable environment and require access while at sea shall be designed to be operated by personnel wearing heavy winter clothing including thick mittens.
POLAR CODE CHAPTERS:
EXPLANATION AND SUBMISSIONS
Part IA - Safety MeasuresChapter 1: General
Chapter 2: Polar Water Operation Manual
Chapter 3: Ship structure
Chapter 4: Subdivision and stability
Chapter 5: Watertight and weathertight integrity
Chapter 6: Machinery installations
Chapter 7: Fire safety/Protection
Chapter 8: Life saving appliances and arrangements
Chapter 9: Safety of navigation
Chapter 10: Communication
Chapter 11: Voyage planning
Chapter 12: Manning and training