PAME MPA-Network Toolbox

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Definition of Marine Protected Areas:
"A clearly defined geographical space recognized, dedicated, and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values."
International Union for the Conservation of Nature / World Commission on Protected Areas (IUCN/WCPA)

 

PAME's MPA-Network Toolbox

Marine MPAsPAME’s Framework for a Pan-Arctic Network of Marine Protected Areas (Arctic Council 2015) called for the development of a Pan-Arctic Marine Protected Area (MPA) Network, recognizing that individual Arctic countries pursue MPA development based on their own authorities and priorities, and within the context of an ecosystem approach to management. The Framework offers a foundation of goals and objectives on which a toolbox created subsequently builds.

PAME’s “Toolbox” develops guidance to assist Arctic States in advancing their MPA networks by providing theory and tools that can be used to assess and protect the diversity of genes, species, populations, habitats, features, and ecosystems; their interactions and processes; and the ability to adapt to change. This guidance is intended to inform decision-makers, practitioners, Indigenous peoples, and stakeholders involved in developing MPA networks and ecosystem-based management in the marine Arctic.

Most Arctic states have established some MPAs, but are still in the early stages of filling gaps and connecting and managing MPAs as ecologically functional MPA networks (CAFF & PAME 2016). The project also intends to foster collaboration on MPA network development between Arctic countries, Permanent Participants, Arctic Council Working Groups, and the conservation and science communities.

Update of the MPA-Netwoork Toolbox

iStock 93243882Revisiting the Framework for a Pan-Arctic Network of MPAs (2015) for potential updates

As of 2021-2023, PAME will assess the need to update the Framework for a Pan-Arctic Network of MPAs based on international developments, including international best practices and previous Arctic Council initiatives, within the broader context of sustainable oceans management practices and climate change. The aim is to support the efforts of Arctic States to develop their MPA networks and chart a course for future  collaborative planning, management, and actions for the conservation and protection of the Arctic marine environment.  The PAME Marine Protected Areas (MPA) expert group will explore potential updates for consideration by the PAME working group to include:

  1. Potential linkages to the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development;
  2. Exploration of management tools; and,
  3. Convene a meeting of MPA managers from the Arctic to share approaches, opportunities and challenges, as well as contribute to revisiting of MPA Framework Document.

Lead: MPA Expert Group. Partners: CAFF, WWF, Circumpolar Conservation Union (CCU)

Expansion and refinement of the MPA-Network Toolbox

In 2021-2023 PAME will continue enhancing PAME’s work on a Pan-Arctic Network of Marine Protected Areas, taking into account any potential updates to the Framework for a Pan-Arctic Network of MPAs (2015) and the AMSP strategic action 7.2.10. This work will take into account outcomes from previous MPA workshops (4 workshops), the Modelling Arctic Oceanographic Connectivity study, updating exercise of the Framework for a Pan-Arctic Network of MPAs (2015) and work on other relevant projects from the 2021-2023 biennium.

Leads: MPA Expert Group. Partners: CAFF, WWF, Circumpolar Conservation Union (CCU)



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2015: Framework for a Pan-Arctic Network of Marine Protected Areas

This framework for a pan-Arctic network of marine protected areas (MPAs) sets out a common vision for international cooperation in MPA network development and management, based on best practices and previous Arctic Council initiatives. This framework aims to inform the development of MPAs and networks of MPAs that are located within the national jurisdiction of Arctic States, and chart a course for future collaborative planning, management and actions for the conservation and protection of the Arctic marine environment.

A Network of Places and Natural Features Specially-managed for the Conservation and Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment

  
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2017: Area-based Conservation Measures and Ecological Connectivity

This report focuses on area-based conservation measures as tools for designing Arctic MPA networks. It also focuses on the incorporation of connectivity, one of four common elements of efficient MPA networks (see section II), in network design. It summarizes key findings and recommendations, as well as case studies, from the September 2016 PAME MPA workshop.

  

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2017: Indicator Report

The Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) and Protection of the Arctic Marine Environments (PAME) working groups of the Arctic Council developed the 2017 Arctic Protected Areas - Indicator report. It provides an overview of the status and trends of protected areas in the Arctic. The data used represents the results of the 2016 update to the Protected Areas Database submitted by each of the Arctic Council member states.

This report uses the IUCN Categories, consequently, the level of protection and governance of these areas varies throughout the circumpolar region and its countries.


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