The workshop included:
i) a discussion on species that highlight the importance of ecological connectivity in the Arctic marine environment, as well as possible approaches and methodologies for mapping selected elements of ecological connectivity for some of those species, and
ii) a discussion on a draft list of types of area-based conservation measures that benefit different categories of Arctic biodiversity (i.e. the "toolbox").
Click here to download the workshop report.
PAME’s Framework for a Pan-Arctic Marine Protected Areas Network document recognizes that individual Arctic countries pursue MPA development based on their own authorities and priorities, and that MPA networks can be comprised of "both MPAs and other area-based measures that contribute to network objectives”.
PAME’s “toolbox” project aims to develop guidance to assist countries in advancing MPA networks in the Arctic. The project will produce this guidance in the form of a catalogue of examples of diverse existing area-based measures, including different types of marine protected areas and of “other area-based conservation measures” that contribute to the long-term conservation of important categories of Arctic marine biodiversity (e.g. important species and habitats).
Over the course of the 2015-2017 work cycle, project leads are hosting two workshops. While the first workshop focused on toolbox development by identifying and mapping types of connectivity in the Arctic, the second will focus on connectivity and climate change. The toolbox is intended to be a living document that is built on and refined over time.
- Develop our understanding of ecological connectivity for different marine taxa.
- Identify priorities for future scientific or other types of collaboration to enhance understanding of ecological connectivity in the Arctic.
- Based on input provided by Arctic States, share examples of different management tools used to manage categories of marine biodiversity (e.g. habitat, marine taxa).
- Identify priorities for expansion/refinement of “MPA Toolbox” to support Arctic states’ MPA network development.
- Identify potential next steps to advance understanding and management of MPA networks among Arctic Council Working Groups and other partners.
|Name of presentation||Presenter||Download|
|Ecological connectivity --- Overview of techniques that have been used to map larval dispersal and its relevance to MPA design: modelling (optimal size and spacing), direct observation of larval dispersal, genetic measures of connectivity/isolation, considerations of climate change||Mark Carr (University of California, Santa Cruz)||Download|
|Physical connectivity – Issues and possible approaches to mapping physical and habitat connectivity in the Arctic. Overview of dynamics of water masses and ice movement||Pat Halpin and Jesse Cleary (Duke University)||Download|
|Case study – Sweden’s experience mapping larval connectivity for MPA networks||Jon Havenhand (University of Gothenburg)||Download|
|Approaches and considerations for understanding connectivity for marine mammals using various techniques||Howard Rosenbaum (Wildlife Conservation Society)||Download|
|Mapping connectivity for cetaceans in the Alaskan Arctic – CetMap||Janet Clarke (Leidos)||Download|
|Local community engagement in mapping and understanding marine mammal connectivity||Willie Goodwin (Alaska Waterways Safety Commission)||Download|
|Overview of techniques: satellite telemetry, habitat modeling, others?, in the context of Important Bird Areas||Grant Gilchrist (Environment Canada)||Download|
|Identifying Important Bird Areas and seabird connectivity in the Alaskan Arctic||Melanie Smith (Alaska Audubon)||Download|
|Case study: Identifying candidate sites for an MPA network in the Russian Arctic: accounting for connectivity||Irina Onufrenya (WWF Russia)||Download|
|The role of protected areas and other area---based conservation measures for marine conservation||Dan Laffoley (IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas --- Marine)||Download|
|Elements of a representative and ecologically connected MPA network||Mark Carr (University of California, Santa Cruz)||Download|
|Understanding categories of Arctic biodiversity to be addressed by the MPA Toolkit (e.g. habitat, species groups)||Martin Sommerkorn (WWF)||Download|
|Canada’s Approach to Marine Conservation Targets||Bethany Schroeder (Fisheries and Oceans Canada)||Download|
|Arctic biodiversity monitoring: linkages to area---based conservation measures||Tom Christensen (Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Programme)||Download|
|Pikialasorsuaq Commission||Carolina Behe (Inuit Circumpolar Council)||Download|
|Examples of Arctic MPAs and “Other area---based conservation measures” in the marine environment (based on submissions by Arctic States to PAME)||Martin Sommerkorn (WWF)||Download|
|Integration of Indigenous Knowledge and Values in the MPA Toolbox||Willie Goodwin (Alaska Waterways Safety Commission)||Download|
|Towards a toolbox: deploying MPAs and other area---based measures to conserve important categories of Arctic marine biodiversity||Martin Sommerkorn (WWF)||Download|
“The conference will be a major event for PAME and the Arctic Council this year. Preparations begun last year and the schedule is very exciting,” Soffía Guðmundsdóttir, the executive secretary of PAME said.
Amongst key speakers are leading scholars who have participated in PAME’s work. One of them is Dr. Lawson Brigham who was the co-editor of of the Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment (AMSA) and served as a vice chair of PAME from 2005-2009.
Another is David VanderZwaag, who co-leading the writing of the Governance of the Arctic Shipping chapter of the AMSA report. “We are thrilled to have such high-level participation from PAME and numerous of our experts will be attending as well. There should be dialogue among our leading people in Malmö,” Soffía said.
There are six themes to the conference. The Polar Code: Implementation & Compliance Assurance; Beyond the Polar Code; Arctic Governance; Sustainable Arctic Business Development; Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment; Training, Capacity-Building, Science & Research.
“In our preparations we decided to focus on six themes for this conference. We could have chosen many others as the topic is broad, but we felt that these six themes are current and appropriate. The conference is title Safe and Sustainable shipping in a changing Arctic Environment and the scene is certainly under constant evolvement.”
“We have two themes that discuss the Polar Code which was recently adopted by the IMO. The Polar Code has been anticipated for some time and this will be the prefect venue to introduce it and discuss its role in Arctic shipping. IMO’s experts and others will present it and discussions on what happens next will take place.”
See the conference website for more information. Registration is ongoing and Malmö is only a 20-minute train ride from Copenhagen.
PAME II 2015 Pre-meetings - Monday September 14
PAME Shipping expert group: 09:00-17:00
Oil and gas Contact group: Tentative
Data Expert group: Tentative
Shipping Expert Group pre-meeting
The PAME shipping Expert Group pre-meeting session is from 09:00-17:00 and a joint session with the Data Expert Group from 14:00 -15:00 to discuss the new proposed project: “Arctic Shipping Data Service.”
The agenda will be the items under Agenda Item 4 with particular focus on the items marked with **, including the updated draft matrix of follow-up activities and proposals, as well as all of the shipping-related papers submitted by PAME member governments in advance of the meeting.
The co-leads (USA and Canada) will provide more details to the shipping expert group.
Click here to download the shipping expert group meeting agenda.
13:00-16/17:00 (tentative and to be confirmed)
Oil and Gas Contact Group pre-meeting
The PAME Oil and Gas Contact Group pre-meeting session is from 13:00-17:00 and a joint session with the PAME Shipping Expert group from 13:00-14:00 to discuss the “Meaningful Engagement of Arctic Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities in Marine Activities” (MEMA) project.
The main agenda items to be discussed are:
- The MEMA project
- Possible responses to the TFOPP for non-emergency prevention (as it may relate to updating the 2009 Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines).
- Possible implementation actions for the 2015-2025 AMSP.
13:00-16/17:00 (tentative and to be confirmed)
PAME Data Expert Group pre-meeting
The PAME Data Expert Group pre-meeting session is from 13:00-17:00 and a joint session with the PAME Shipping Expert group from 14:00-15:00 to discuss progress on the Arctic Shipping Data Service (ASDS) project and potential relevance to other shipping projects on Arctic marine traffic systems.
Information sheet about the project.
Tuesday September, 15th
Item 1: Opening of the Meeting
Item 2: Introduction and Adoption of the Agenda
PAME II-2015 final agenda with timeline 10 September 2015
Item 3: Information from the Chair and the Secretariat
- PAME 2013-2015 Summary of activities Report
- SAO Report to Ministers
- Iqaluit Declaration (2015 Ministerial declaration)
- US Chairmanship Program 2015-2017
- Arctic Council Observer Manual
- Arctic Council Rules of Procedures
Item 4: Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment follow-up activities (various leads)
Draft agenda for the Shipping Expert Group pre-meeting on Monday 14th of September from 09-00-17.00.
4.1. AMSA I(A) – Linking with International Organizations
ShipArc 2015 Program
4.2 AMSA I(C) – IMO Measures for Arctic Shipping: collaboration
- Agenda 4.2(c) - National regulation of fishing vessel safety and the prevention pollution from such ships in the Arctic.
- Agenda 4.2(f) - Submission by USA
- Annotation to agenda 4.2(f)
4.3 AMSA I(B) –Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) Phase III project
- Agenda 4.3(a) - HFO Phase III, submission by USA, Russia, KoD and Norway, KoD and Norway
- Annotation to agenda 4.3(a)
- Agenda 4.3(a)-addendum to HFO Phase III submission-IMO-MSC request for data on incidents within polar waters
- Agenda 4.4(b) - Cruise tourism information
Arctic Marine Tourism – Best Practice Guidelines
Agenda item 4.6 - AMSA II(B): Engagement with Arctic Communities
Documents to be uploaded.
Agenda item 4.7 - AMSA II(D): Specially Designated Arctic Marine Areas
Agenda item 4.8 AMSA II(E) – Protection from Invasive Species
PAME II-2015 submissions:
- Submission by USA
- Annotation to agenda 4.8. - Submission by USA
- Submission by Russia
- Submission by Canada
- Submission by Iceland
Agenda item 4.9 AMSA II(G) - Addressing Impacts on Marine Mammals
NAMMCO Information on Disturbance Symposium
Agenda 4.10 AMSA II(H) - Reducing Air Emmissions
Documents to be uploaded
Agenda item 4.11 AMSA III(A) – Addressing the Infrastructure Deficit
- Agenda 4.11(a) - information on terrestrial AIS station.
Documents to be uploaded
Agenda item 4.13 AMSA III(D) – Investing in Hydrographic, Meteorological and Oceanographic Data
Agenda item 4: Background documents:
- Joint Working Group meeting agenda version 2 Sep 2015 PAME II-2015: List of Documents, version 10 Sep
Item 5: Follow up on the Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines (AOOGG 2009)
- Agenda 5(a) – MEMA project
- Agenda 5(b) – Selected updates of the AOOGG 2009
- Agenda 5(c) – TFOPP, EPPR and PAMEs relevance
- Agenda 5(c) background – TFOPP matrix from EPPR
Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines
TFOPP FRamework Plan
Wednesday, September 16th
Item 6: Pan-Arctic Network of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
- Agenda 6(b) – copy of a letter sent to PAME HoDs 14 Aug regarding Arctic Marine Protected and Important Areas: Phase 1
- Agenda 6(c)-Workshop, State Dept Funding Proposal
- Agenda 6(c) - Ideas for WCC Session on Arctic MPA Network
- Agenda 6(d) – Information paper by OSPAR
The Framework for a Pan-Arctic Network of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).
Background for PAME MPA FRamework on Definitions of MPA's and Other Measures
Item 7: Ecosystem-based Approach to Management
- Agenda 7(a) - Terms of Reference for Joint EG-EA 2015-2017
- Agenda 7(b) - 5th Ecosystem Approach to Management Workshop Report (26.-27th of May, 2015 - Bergen, Norway)26.-27th of May, 2015 - Bergen, Norway)
- Agenda 7(c) - Report of the ICES/AMAP/CAFF/PAME Workshop on Integrated Ecosystem Assess- ment (IEA) for the Central Arctic Ocean (WKICA)
Ecosystem Approach Progress Report (April 2015)
Side Event - The Last Ice Area
WWF Global Arctic Programme and the National Geographic Pristine Seas invite all participants in the Arctic Council working group meetings, as well as secretariat staff to a special presentation at the Radisson Blu Hotel from 18:30-20:30 on September 16th.
Thursday, September 17th
Item 8: Follow-up/implementation of the AMSP 2015-2025
- 1st draft proposal to prepare AMSP implementation plan 22 Aug 2015
- Annex I-draft outline AMSP implementation plan 22 Aug 2015
- Annex II-AMSP implementation matrix-draft 22 July
Agenda 8(b):Background documents:
Arctic Marine Strategic Plan 2015-2025
Item 09: Task force on Arctic Marine Cooperation
Agenda 9(a) – SAO Report language on TFAMC
Agenda 9(b) - TFAMC Cover Letter Outlining Process
Agenda 9(b) - TFAMC Meeting agenda 21-22 Sep
PAME 2015-2017 Work Plan
PAME II Hotel information and logistics
PAME list of expert groups and members, 8 Sep 2015
PAME II 2015 List of Documents, version 12 September
List of Participants - Final version
Agenda Item 3 - Reflections and Outcome from the Iqaluit Ministerial Meeting
Agenda Item 4.1 - BarentsWatch presentation
Agenda Item 4.1 - Havbase Presentation
Agenda Item 4.1 - International Ice Charting Working Group Presentation
Agenda Item 4.1 - OSPAR Presentation
Agenda Item 4.3 - Possible Hazards for Engines and Fuel Systems using HFO
Agenda Item 4.5 - Survey of Arctic Indigenous Marine Use
Agenda Item 4.9 - NAMMCO Presentation
Agenda Item 4.9 - Update on Ship Traffic in the High Seas
Agenda Item 4.12 - ASTD Project, background presentation
Agenda Item 5 - MEMA Project
Agenda Item 5(c) - TOPP Matrix from EPPR
Agenda Item 6 - Inventory Mapping of Existing Arctic MPAs
Agenda Item 7 - EA-EG Progress Report
Agenda Item 8 - AMSP implementation
Joint WG Session - ACAP
Joint WG Session - CAFF
Shipping Expert Group - Arctic Shipping to the Republic of Korea