The AMSA report (2009), which focused on marine safety and marine environmental protection – consistent with the Arctic Council’s mandate of environmental protection and sustainable development, developed recommendations to provide a guide for future action by the Arctic Council, Arctic states and many others.
AMSA Recommendation III(A) provides:
In 2012 the United States offered to submit a report to PAME to educate member governments on the International Voluntary Observing Ships (VOS) Scheme and how it supports AMSA Recommendation III (A) and other PAME strategic goals.
The VOS Scheme is an international program comprising member countries of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) that recruit ships to take, record and transmit marine meteorological and oceanographic observations while at sea.
All eight Arctic Council member governments participate in the VOS Scheme either directly, by providing ships to the program, or indirectly by providing funding and/or data.