Chapter 10:

communication


CHAPTER SUMMARY
Chapter 10 provides for effective communications for ships and survival craft during normal and emergency situations, including explicit requirements for search and rescue (SAR) and telemedical assistance communications. Communication equipment on board shall have the capabilities for ship-to-ship and ship-to-shore communication, taking into account the limitations of communications systems in high latitudes and the anticipated low temperature. There must also be specific sound signalling equipment for use when under escort. Low temperature capability of communication equipment must be demonstrated by both ships and survival crafts. In respect of survival craft, equipment must be operable for the maximum expected time of rescue. These are clearly set out in the Chapter 10 wording below, and in the Part 1B Additional Guidance.

SUBMISSIONS




CHAPTER 10 –  COMMUNICATION:
Full Polar Code text

As adopted from IMO - Full Polar Code text

10.1 Goal
The goal of this chapter is to provide for effective communication for ships and survival craft during normal operation and in emergency situations.

10.2 Functional requirements
In order to achieve the goal set out in paragraph 10.1 above, the following functional requirements are embodied in the regulations of this chapter.

10.2.1 Ship communication
  • 10.2.1.1 Two-way voice and/or data communications ship-to-ship and ship-to-shore shall be available at all points along the intended operating routes.
  • 10.2.1.2 Suitable means of communications shall be provided where escort and convoy operations are expected.
  • 10.2.1.3 Means for two-way on-scene and SAR coordination communications for search and rescue purposes including aeronautical frequencies shall be provided.
  • 10.2.1.4 Appropriate communication equipment to enable telemedical assistance in polar areas shall be provided.
10.2.2 Survival craft and rescue boat communications capabilities
  • 10.2.2.1 For ships intended to operate in low air temperature, all rescue boats and lifeboats, whenever released for evacuation, shall maintain capability for distress alerting, locating and on-scene communications.
  • 10.2.2.2 For ships intended to operate in low air temperature, all other survival craft, whenever released, shall maintain capability for transmitting signals for location and for communication.
  • 10.2.2.3 Mandatory communication equipment for use in survival craft, including liferafts, and rescue boats shall be capable of operation during the maximum expected time of rescue.
10.3 Regulations
10.3.1 Ship communication
  • 10.3.1.1 In order to comply with the functional requirements of paragraph 10.2.1.1 above, communication equipment on board shall have the capabilities for ship-to-ship and ship-to-shore communication, taking into account the limitations of communications systems in high latitudes and the anticipated low temperature.
  • 10.3.1.2 In order to comply with the functional requirements of paragraph 10.2.1.2 above, ships intended to provide icebreaking escort shall be equipped with a sound signaling system mounted to face astern to indicate escort and emergency manoeuvres to following ships as described in the International Code of Signals.
  • 10.3.1.3 In order to comply with the functional requirements of paragraph 10.2.1.3 above, two-way on-scene and SAR coordination communication capability in ships shall include:
    • .1 voice and/or data communications with relevant rescue coordination centres; and
    • .2 equipment for voice communications with aircraft on 121.5 and 123.1 MHz.
  • 10.3.1.4 In order to comply with the functional requirements of paragraph 10.2.1.4 above, the communication equipment shall provide for two-way voice and data communication with a Telemedical Assistance Service (TMAS).
10.3.2 Survival craft and rescue boat communications capabilities
  • 10.3.2.1 For ships intended to operate in low air temperature, in order to comply with the functional requirements of paragraph 10.2.2.1 above, all rescue boats and lifeboats, whenever released for evacuation, shall:
    • .1 for distress alerting, carry one device for transmitting ship to shore alerts;
    • .2 in order to be located, carry one device for transmitting signals for location; and
    • .3 for on-scene communications, carry one device for transmitting and receiving on-scene communications.
  • 10.3.2.2 For ships intended to operate in low air temperature, in order to comply with the functional requirements of paragraph 10.2.2.2 above, all other survival craft shall:
    • .1 in order to be located, carry one device for transmitting signals for location; and
    • .2 for on-scene communications, carry one device for transmitting and receiving on-scene communications.
  • 10.3.2.3 In order to comply with the functional requirements of paragraph 10.2.2.3 above, recognizing the limitations arising from battery life, procedures shall be developed and implemented such that mandatory communication equipment for use in survival craft, including liferafts, and rescue boats are available for operation during the maximum expected time of rescue.



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POLAR CODE CHAPTERS:
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