The Mineral Resource Authority under the Government of Greenland is the overall administrative authority for mineral resources, including all matters relating to offshore mineral resources and associated activities. The Mineral Resource Authority consists of the Mineral Licence and Safety Authority, the Environment Agency for Mineral Resources Activities and the Ministry of Industry, Labor and Trade.
The legal basis governing mineral resources, including all matters relating to offshore mineral resources and associated activities in Greenland is the Mineral Resources Act and provisions laid down under the Act.
The Mineral Licence and Safety Authority (MLSA) serves as the “one stop shop” for those seeking licenses for offshore hydrocarbon activity. The task of the MLSA is to ensure the legal and political framework for reliable, environmentally sound and clean exploration and exploitation of petroleum and minerals resources in Greenland.
The MLSA (previously Bureau of Minerals and Petroleum) was established in 1998, and is a Government of Greenland agency residing under the Minister for Mineral Resources.
The Environment Agency for Mineral Resources Activities is an agency under the Ministry of Nature, Environment and Justice. The Environment Agency cooperates closely with Danish Center for Environment and Energy (DCE) and with the Greenland Institute of Natural Resources (Pinngortitaleriffik). The cooperation implements the provisions of the Mineral Resources Act stating that assessments and decisions of the Mineral Resources Authority regarding environmental issues must be based on assessments and proposals for decisions from one or more scientific and independent environmental institutions.
Other government agencies and institutes
Asiaq Greenland Survey
Asiaq’s responsibilities include; mapping, geographic information, hydrology, climate, environment, and surveying and geotechnical investigation.
Geological Survey of Greenland and Denmark (GEUS)
The work field of the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS) - geoscientific studies, research, consultancy and geological mapping - primarily covers Denmark and Greenland. GEUS is a research and advisory institution under the Danish Ministry of Climate, Energy and Building.
On behalf of the Greenland Self-Government NUNAOIL participates in every license in Greenland. NUNAOIL carries out open acreage evaluations and prospect assessments and has a strong focus on mitigating exploration, physical and logistic risks especially by the use of technology and building alliances.