This first plenary meeting of the Council during the U.S. Chairmanship (2015-2017) addressed:
- The Council’s work on black carbon and methane;
- Adaptation to Arctic change, including the large-scale project “Adaptation Actions for a Changing Arctic”;
- Arctic biodiversity, including implementation of the recommendations contained in the landmark “Arctic Biodiversity Assessment” (2013) and consideration of Arctic ecosystem services;
- Best practices for small communities to prevent, prepare for, or respond to natural or human-caused accidents in the Arctic;
- Efforts to reduce the incidence of suicide among Arctic Indigenous peoples;
- The Council’s work on the Arctic Ocean, including the Arctic Marine Strategic Plan 2015-2025; and
- Follow-up work to the Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic, signed in 2013 (MOSPA).
More wide-ranging discussions also covered:
- The Council’s work on climate change and oceans;
- The ways in which Traditional and Local Knowledge (TLK) is considered and used in the Council’s work;
- Strengthening the Council’s work by defining how the Council relates to external bodies; and
- Strengthening the capacity of the six Permanent Participant organizations to engage in, and contribute to, the Council’s work at all levels.
Chair of the Senior Arctic Officials Ambassador David Balton said: “The Arctic Council is rising to the challenge of meeting significantly greater expectations. With attention on the Arctic region at an all-time high, this meeting demonstrated the ability of the Arctic Council to bring together Arctic States, Arctic Indigenous representatives and a large number of Observers to work toward a safer, healthier and sustainable Arctic.”
In addition to the official agenda, the week of the Arctic Council meetings included many complementary events hosted by the Alaska Arctic Council Host Committee and other organizations in Anchorage and around Alaska.